Candidates are required to bring a protractor and ruler of their choice and they should be prepared to take their own cephalometric measurements during the Case Analysis Exercise. The candidate will be provided with the relevant history, radiographs, and models from a case and will be asked questions requiring the formulation of a diagnosis and treatment plan.
Each session is a structured examination in which the candidate will be expected to defend the diagnosis and treatment plan produced in the Case Analysis Exercise and/or topics relating to various aspects of the Orthodontic treatment. General questions from provided cases related to the science and practice of Orthodontics and on various aspects of Orthodontic treatment will also be asked.
Topics for Review
Anatomy: Dental/head and neck/ developmental/anat landmarks of the skull
Embryology and genetics
Oral biochemistry/physiology/ neurophysiology
Pharmacology/anxiety and pain control
Oral path/genetic disorders/ dev disturbances/speech path/ craniof anomalies
Design, fabrication, and manipulation of fixed and removable appliances
Orthodontic management of patients with craniofacial anomalies
Orthodontic management of patients requiring interdisciplinary tx plans
Orthodontic management of medically compromised patients
Retention and stability
Implantology/Temporary anchorage devices
Candidate Study Guide
The intent of this guide is to provide the candidate with an understanding of the format in which questions may be asked during Component II of the National Dental Specialty Examination. The content used in these sample questions is used for illustrative purposes only, and should not be construed as an example of the level of difficulty of the examination questions.
Try to relax and listen carefully to the questions.
Notepads and pens will be available for note taking. All notes must be left in the Examination room at the end of the Examination.
When asked to describe something, do not skip to the obvious conclusion and ignore other important details. The examiners are interested in observing the process used by the candidate to critically assess the item. Do not stare at an image quietly; candidates should verbalize their thought processes and describe what they see.
The Examination cases have been selected to be representative of the skills and knowledge a qualified specialist with appropriate training should be able to personally manage. Whether candidates treat a particular type of patient in their practice or provide a particular procedure in their office is irrelevant.
Candidates should handle each case as though it were a patient presenting to his/her office, and answer the questions as if he/she was personally treating the patients in his/her practice.
Candidates may ask to have questions repeated and to see images again if needed. Candidates may also ask to see additional images. Once a case is completed and the Examination has progressed to the next case, candidates cannot answer questions on previous cases.
All the case material must be covered during the allotted time period. Answer the questions in a succinct and organized manner. Candidates that stall or ramble will be refocused to the original question by the examiners.
The examiners remain impartial and have been trained not to give candidates any indication whether their responses are correct or incorrect. This behaviour may appear unfriendly to some candidates, but it is essential to ensure that no candidates receive helpful positive reinforcement from examiners.
Do not argue or debate with the examiners in an attempt to elicit information or the correct response. If there are legitimate differences of opinion on how to treat a case within a specialty, select the mainstream option and then mention possible alternative approaches.
Remember that there are never any trick questions.